July 14, 2024

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The Indian Education System: A Closer Look

The Future of Education: A Look Inside Indian Schools

Indian students fare well globally is no secret. India has a distinct educational system designed to preserve the country’s culture, value system, and history.

Let us have a closer look into the Indian education system to find out why it is revered high, the shortcomings, if any, and what is in store for the future.

India Has Always Had A Great Tradition And History Regarding The Education System.

The ancient scriptures were taught in the Gurukula sampradaya, where the student stayed with the teacher and learned life skills and deep knowledge in grammar, medicine, science, mathematics, etc., along with yoga, meditation, group activities, chantings, reading of scriptures, etc.

The aim was the overall personality development of the student along with gaining deep knowledge in subjects.

The teachers gave philosophical thinking and spirituality the utmost importance. Finding the purpose of life and living life to achieve the spiritual aim in life were imparted skillfully to the young students.

Now, Let Us Look At The Modern Education System In India. 

Children between the ages of three and 18 have the right to free and compulsory education under India’s Right to Education Act 2020.

The 2019 English Proficiency Index ranked India 34th out of 100 countries, allowing for the easy delivery of educational material that meets Universal standards.

School education in India has different boards, namely the Central Board of Secondary Education, the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE), and State Boards. Each of them will have a different syllabus, learning processes, and patterns of examinations. A student can choose any board depending on his interests, needs, etc.

The New Education Policy

The Indian education system followed the 10 + 2 pattern.  The student will get the w Secondary School Certificate (SSC) after passing class 10th and a Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) after passing class 12th.

The 5+3+3+4 system has replaced this due to the new National Education Policy (NEP). The stages are divided to correspond with the cognitive development stages that a child naturally goes through.

India’s four-tiered compulsory education system

1. Establishment Stage (ages 3 to 8)

According to the NEP, education consists of three years of preschool and two years of primary school. This stage will include age-appropriate play or activity-based methods and language development.

2. Stage of Preparation (ages 8 to 11)

The emphasis will be given to language development and numeracy skills. It will have activity-based teaching.

3. Intermediate Stage (ages 11 to 14)

The students will have experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities, for classes six through eight.

4. Secondary Level (ages 14 to 18)

Students in classes 9 and 10 and 11 and 12 have access to various subject combinations from which to choose and study based on their skills and interests.

Critical thinking, an open mind, and flexibility in the thought process are encouraged at this stage.

University Education in India

From 18, students can choose to study at the undergraduate level. Most students attend a free public college or university, while others attend a private institution. Agriculture, engineering, pharmaceutics, and technology degrees at Indian colleges and universities typically take four years to complete. Law, medicine, and architecture can take up to five years to complete.

12 education initiatives taken by the govt. in 2018 to strengthen India's education sector - India Today

Postgraduate Education in India

Universities provide the majority of postgraduate education in India, followed by colleges, and most students are women. The postgraduate study allows students to specialize in a specific field and conduct extensive research. These postgraduate programs are called master’s courses, or doctorate degrees can take two to three years to complete.

Adult Education

Adult education aims to increase literacy and move illiterate people over the age of 21 further along the path of knowledge. The National Literacy Mission Authority (NLMA) in India funds and promotes adult education programs.

Distance Learning in India

Significant advances in online education in India have been made and continue to be made as technology has advanced. Higher education institutes in India focus on developing online programs in response to rising consumer demand and the influence of the pandemic. The online education market in India is expected to reach $11.6 billion by 2026.

While homeschooling is not widely practiced or accepted in India, with the impact of the pandemic, remote learning is becoming the new norm.

Students will be instructed in their native language: Although not required, the NEP recommends that students up to class five be taught in their mother tongue or regional language to help children learn and grasp non-trivial concepts more quickly.

The Indian education system had a glorious past. It will advance tremendously in the future, enabling Indian students to achieve greater success in all aspects of their lives than they do now.